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By IAU convention, lunar mountain ranges are given Latin names. Costa Rica's seasons are defined by how much rain falls during a particular period. Administrative divisions of Costa Rica include 7 provinces, 82 cantons, and 478 districts. [8] Some of the country's most endangered species are the Harpy eagle, the Giant anteater, the Golden toad and the Jaguar. On the Talamanca range grow numerous evergreen oaks and, above the timberline, mountain scrub and grasses. Costa Rica is located on the Central American Isthmus, surrounding the point 10° north of the equator and 84° west of the prime meridian. The area is 51,100 km² of which 40 km² is water. Costa Rica shares a 313 km border with Nicaragua to the north, and a 348 km with Panama to the south. The country also specializes in adrenalin-fuelled adventure tourism in all its forms: canopy walks, zip-lines, white-water rafting, mountain biking circuits, hiking trails and horseback rides are not the ‘extras’ in Costa Rica, but the main reason most people come here. [4][5] It is home to about 12,119 species of plants, of which 950 are endemic. Since the late 1980s Costa Rica … Dry season (December to April); rainy season (May to November); cooler in highlands. Costa Rica claims an exclusive economic zone of 574,725 km2 (221,903 sq mi) with 200 nautical miles (370.4 km; 230.2 mi) and a territorial sea of 12 nautical miles (22.2 km; 13.8 mi). The Cordillera de Guanacaste is in the north near the border with Nicaragua and forms part of the Continental Divide of the Americas. Palm trees are common on the Caribbean coastline, and mangroves grow on the shallow protected shores of the Nicoya and Dulce gulfs along the Pacific. Incredible mountain property located only minutes away from Atenas city, this estate features one hectare of extension (with over 200 exotic fruit trees), staggering mountain views, recently constructed, large swimming pool, tennis court, basketball court, large rooms and luxurious finishes. [2], Costa Rica is a biodiversity hotspot. Because Costa Rica is located between 8 and 12 degrees north of the Equator, the climate is tropical year round. [15] The Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad is allowed to collect royalties on any biological discoveries of medical importance. Category:Mountain ranges of South America, List of lunar features § Mountain ranges, List of tallest mountains in the Solar System, https://www.britannica.com/science/Alpide-Belt, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234834352_The_Great_Escarpment_of_Southern_Africa_A_New_Frontier_for_Biodiversity_Exploration, https://www.britannica.com/place/Himalayas/Physical-features, https://www.britannica.com/place/Great-Himalayas, https://www.britannica.com/place/Lesser-Himalayas, Early paleozoic magmatism of the Sette Daban, Southern Verkhoyansk region, Southeastern Yakutia, https://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=10350, https://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=13254, https://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=37927, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_mountain_ranges&oldid=1014317683, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Verkhoyansk Range-Suntar-Khayata Range – 1,650 km (1,030 mi) (section of the East, Northern Yolla-Bolly Mountains, California, This page was last edited on 26 March 2021, at 12:15. Located 15 kilometers from Fortuna in the northwest part of Costa Rica, between the foothills of the Cordillera de Tilaran mountain range and the San Carlos plains, Arenal Volcano National Park is one of the most visited destinations in the Northern Zone. American Cordillera – 13,400 km (8,300 mi) . Andes – 7,000 km (4,300 mi). While the country has only about 0.03% of the world's landmass, it contains 5% of the world's biodiversity. Note 1: A peak included in the "Eastern Pamirs"[1] more often than in the Kunlun Mountains, as Kongur Tagh and the Kunlun range are separated by the large Yarkand River valley; no valley of such significance separates the Pamirs and Kongur Tagh, just political boundaries. However, the country has many microclimates depending on elevation, rainfall, topography, and by the geography of each particular region. The Caribbean Plate began its eastward migration during the Late Cretaceous. It borders the Cocos Plate in the Pacific Ocean which is being subducted beneath it. There are more Costa Rica mountains to to the southeast, called the Cordillera de Tilaran. Land use: Arable land: 4.8%. Costa Rica is located on the Caribbean Plate. Understand []. Much of the Cordillera de Talamanca is included in the La Amistad International Park, which is shared between Costa Rica and Panama. As is the case in much of Central America, the avian species in Costa Rica are a mix of North and South American species. The "summer" or dry season goes from December to April, and "winter" or rainy season goes from May to November, which almost coincides with the Atlantic hurricane season, and during this time, it rains constantly in some regions. It is slightly smaller than the U.S. state of West Virginia. [9], Over 25% of Costa Rica's national territory is protected by SINAC (the National System of Conservation Areas), which oversees all of the country's protected areas. Costa Rica is party to the following treaties: This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 15:11. It also includes the Cerros de Escazú which borders the Costa Rican Central Valley to the south. See List of peaks by prominence (ranking the mountain ranges as well). The Arenal Observatory Lodge , originally a private observatory established in 1987, is the only lodge within the Arenal Volcano National Park boundaries. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, "Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica, Volcán Arenal, Map, Eruptions", Costa Rica sustainable resource management: Successfully tackling tropical deforestation, "United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Many earthquakes in Costa Rica have occurred. Increasing urbanization will put pressure on water resources management in Costa Rica. Humidity is also higher on the Caribbean side than on the Pacific side. The northwest-southeast orientation of the mountain range divides Costa Rica into two sides: the Pacific and the Caribbean. According to the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 209 species of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians and plants are endangered. Over 400 types of birds and more than 100 species of mammals can be found there. The Indian Plate is still particularly mobile and these mountain ranges continue to rise in elevation every year and this page may need to be updated in a few years; of these the Himalayas are rising most quickly; the Kashmir and Pamirs region to the north of the Indian subcontinent is the point of confluence of these mountains which encircle the Tibetan Plateau. The park is filled with short trails, lava fields, and forests. Its located just minutes outside Tilaran town very close to Lake Arenal and Arenal Volcanoe area. This property has 95 hectares (235 acres). Together protected areas comprise over one-fourth of Costa Rican territory. There 29 national parks of Costa Rica many conservation areas of Costa Rica. The area is 51,100 km² of which 40 km² is water. A diversity of soaring mountains, dormant and active craters, black and white sand beaches, rushing rivers and powerful waterfalls grace Costa Rica’s 19,653 square miles, an area smaller than West Virginia. Tortuguero National Park is home to monkeys, sloths, birds; and a variety of reptiles. [6] There are 117 native trees and more than 1,400 types of orchids; a third of them can be found in the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve. These awards represent the 3rd party validation of data center designs, constructed facilities, operational plans and overall efficiency. The nation's coastal plain separated by the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera de Talamanca, which form the spine of the country and separate the Pacific and Caribbean drainage divides. Costa Rica is located on the Central American Isthmus, surrounding the point 10° north of the equator and 84° west of the prime meridian.It has 212 km of Caribbean Sea coastline and 1,016 on the North Pacific Ocean.. Costa Rica has high levels of endemism; 81 species of amphibians and reptiles, 17 species of birds and 7 species of mammals are endemic to the country. All of the Asian ranges above have been formed in part over the past 35 to 55 million years by the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate. Owner financing available and its possible a partial sale. Costa Rica is a center of biological diversity for reptiles and amphibians, including the world's fastest running lizard, the spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura similis).[16]. Note 2: Part of Hindu Kush-Himalayas region. Freshwater withdrawal is 5.77 km³/year (15%/9%/77%), or per capita: 1,582 m³/year. Other: 88.54%. Costa Rica is officially known as the Republic of Costa Rica.. Ranges in the oceans and on other celestial bodies are listed afterwards. Consist of 1/3 of primary forest and 2/3 of pasture. IUCN reports the Golden toad as extinct. Some of the country's most notable avian species include the resplendent quetzal, scarlet macaw, three-wattled bellbird, bare-necked umbrellabird, and the keel-billed toucan. This forms the volcanoes in Costa Rica, also known as the Central America Volcanic Arc.[1]. There are many islands of Costa Rica, the most remote being Cocos Island and the largest being Isla Calero. The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve is home to about 2,000 plant species,[14] including numerous orchids. Featuring hot spring baths, sauna, massages services, luxury spa treatments and 5 swimming pools, Tabacón Thermal Resort & Spa is 15 minutes’ drive from the Arenal Volcano National Park. Mountain Lakes (Oregon, United States) Volcanic field, 2502 m / 8209 ft Mousa Alli (Ethiopia/Eritrea/Djibouti) Stratovolcano, 2028 m / 6,653 ft Moutohora Island (New Zealand) Complex, 354 m / 1161 ft There are also 24 indigenous territories. The location receiving the most rain is the Caribbean slopes of the Cordillera Central mountains, with an annual rainfall of over 5,000 mm (196.9 in). The lowest point is sea level, and the highest is Cerro Chirripo: at 3810 m. The climate is tropical and subtropical. [7], The diversity of wildlife in Costa Rica is very high; there are 441 species of amphibians and reptiles, 838 species of birds, 232 species of mammals and 181 species of fresh water fish. The park is also known for its wide range of biodiversity, with approximately half of all Costa Rican birds, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals represented somewhere within its boundaries. The country's abundant fruit trees, many of which bear fruit year round, are hugely important to the birds, some of whom survive on diets that consist only of one or two types of fruit. Much of the region is covered by the Talamancan montane forests. During the Late Paleocene, a local sea-level low-stand assisted by the continental uplift of the western margin of South America, resulted in a land bridge over which several groups of mammals apparently took part in an interchange. Hydropower from Lake Arenal, the largest lake in Costa Rica. The year can be split into two periods, the dry season known to the residents as summer (verano), and the rainy season, known locally as winter (invierno). The most northern one is called Cordillera de Guanacaste and it consists of several volcanoes, some of which are still active. "Issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and recommendations on any further process, "Biodiversity and Protected Areas – Costa Rica", "Physiological correlates of locomotory performance in a lizard: an allometric approach", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Costa_Rica&oldid=994192911, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Almost a half of the country's land is covered by forests, though only 3.5% is covered by primary forests. Costa Rica's geography reveals a history of cataclysm, with earthquakes, floods and volcanoes shaping its present-day landscape. Permanent crops: 6.66%. It contains the country's highest peaks: the Cerro Chirripó and the Cerro Kamuk. [6] Deforestation in Costa Rica has been reduced from some of the worst rates in the world from 1973 to 1989, to almost zero by 2005. Several trails—Heliconias, Coladas, Tucanes and Los Miradores—allow observation of much of the park’s flora and fauna, as well as … Uptime Institute has issued 1900 awards in 108 countries for our Tier Standard, M&O Stamp of Approval and Efficient IT programs. Agriculture is the largest water user demanding around 53% of total supplies while the sector contributes 6.5% to the Costa Rica GDP. Northern and Southern Andes main subdivisions, along both run three vast, almost parallel chain systems of mountain ranges - … Rivers of Costa Rica all drain into the Caribbean or the Pacific. One of our top picks in Fortuna.

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