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Religion er en fellesbetegnelse for ulike trosforestillinger og kulturelle handlingsmønstre som forutsetter at virkeligheten omfatter mer enn den fysiske, målbare verden. Myths of various African peoples relate that, after setting the world in motion, the Supreme Being withdrew, and he remains remote from the concerns of human life. 2. [4], Often spoken of in the terms of a singularity, deliberate; yet conscious of the fact that Africa is a large continent with multitudes of nations who have complex cultures, innumerable languages and myriad dialects.[4]. [9] Some of the African traditional religions are those of the Serer of Senegal, the Yoruba and Igbo of Nigeria, and the Akan of Ghana and the Ivory Coast, and the Bono of Ghana and Ivory Coast. Afrikansk traditionel religion klassificeres endnu ofte som "naturfolks religion" eller "primitiv religion". Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 1996. 90 mio. The World Book Encyclopediahas estimated that in 2002 Christians formed 40% of the continent's population, with Muslims forming 45%. In Christian or Islamic communities, religious beliefs are also sometimes characterized with syncretism with the beliefs and practices of traditional religions. [6], According to Dr J Omosade Awolalu, The "olden" in this context means indigenous, that which is foundational, handed down from generation to generation, meant as to be upheld and practised today and forevermore. På 1900-tallet har det oppstått tallrike «innfødte» afrikanske kirker, for eksempel kimbanguismen, spesielt i det sørlige Afrika. [citation needed] The faith's historic roots on the continent stem from the time of the Prophet Muhammad, whose early disciples migrated to Abyssinia (hijira) in fear of persecution from the pagan Arabs. Det er usikkert hvor mange koptere som lever i Egypt, men sannsynligvis utgjør den kristne minoriteten rundt fem prosent av befolkningen. Hindus came to South Africa as indentured laborers in the 19th century. Det er helt gratis. It has also become the predominant religion on the Swahili Coast as well as the West African seaboard and parts of the interior. African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. David ChidesterProfessor i sammenlignende religionUniversity of Cape TownSør-AfrikaOktober 1995. Fagansvarlig eller redaktør svarer når de kan. Store norske leksikon er et gratis og komplett oppslagsverk skrevet av Several syncretistic and messianic sects have formed throughout much of the continent, including the Nazareth Baptist Church in South Africa and the Aladura churches in Nigeria.There is also fairly widespread populations of Seventh-day Adventists and Jehovah's Witnesses. The Baháʼí Faith in Africa has a diverse history. "[24] The statistics from the World Christian Encyclopedia (David Barrett) illustrate the emerging trend of dramatic Christian growth on the continent and supposes, that in 2025 there will be 633 million Christians in Africa. Aseffa, Abdi, Bula Sirika Wayessa, and Temesgen Burka. Religion in Afrika ist ein wesentlicher Bestandteil des kulturellen Lebens auf dem Kontinent.Religion in Afrika umfasst beinahe alle Bereiche des Lebens und spielt für die Menschen eine zentrale Rolle. [15][16][17][18][19] Abrahamic religions are widespread throughout Africa. De tradisjonelle etniske religionene finnes dels i Vest-Afrika, … [7] It has no founders or leaders like Gautama Buddha, Jesus, or Muhammed. Afrika er et omfattende kontinent, med mange ulike egne tradisjoner, og med ulike tilførte impulser i de ulike delene av kontinentet. Den tidligere tallrike jødiske befolkning i Nord-Afrika har så å si i sin helhet utvandret til Israel etter 1948. In fact, the faith got its start on the continent all the way back in the 1 st century AD. Fortsatt lever den koptiske kirke videre i Egypt og Etiopia. [37] Since then there have been homes burned down and families driven out of towns. Tyrannius Rufinus, a noted church historian, also recorded a personal account as do other church historians such as Socrates and Sozemius. Die traditionellen Religionen haben sich mit dem Christentum und dem Islam zudem zu Mischformen, dem sog. Som en religion som er både gammel og ny, har Scientologykirken fortsatt å fremme religiøse ambisjoner som har oppnådd tilhengere over hele verden. Ved å registrere deg og få deg din egen blogg kan du dele tanker og erfaringer om religion med andre. Synkretismus verbunden. Want to understand religion in Africa? Fra 1840-årene var det norsk misjon i Sør-Afrika, fra 1860-årene på Madagaskar. Christianity is the primary belief system in South Africa, with Protestantism being the largest denomination. 2. [clarification needed] All accounts do agree on the fact that the traveler was a member of the royal court who successfully succeeded in converting the Queen, which in turn caused a church to be built. 45-64. More than six-in-ten people in the region are Christians (63%), and three-in-ten are Muslims (30%). "[14], The majority of Africans are adherents of Christianity or Islam. Kopier denne teksten og lim den inn i litteraturlisten din. [22] The earliest and best known reference to the introduction of Christianity to Africa is mentioned in the Christian Bible's Acts of the Apostles, and pertains to the evangelist Phillip's conversion of an Ethiopian traveler in the 1st century AD. ), World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census", Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Alongside Armenia, it is believed that Ethiopia may have been the first country on the planet to accept the religion.. Gandhi lived and worked among the Indian community in South Africa for twenty years before returning to India to participate in India’s freedom movement.[41]. flere ideelle stiftelser/organisasjoner. Routledge, 2017. Som enhver religion gjennomfører Scientologykirken de formaliserte, gjentakbare og ekstraordinære typene av religiøs handling som utgjør et ritual. Hele artikkelen Vi mangler fagansvarlig for Religion i Afrika Although the Bible refers to them as Ethiopians, scholars have argued that Ethiopia was a common term encompassing the area South-Southeast of Egypt. [20], Christianity is now one of the most widely practiced religions in Africa along with Islam and is the largest religion in Sub-Saharan Africa. Its constitution guarantees freedom of religion.Many religions are represented in the ethnic and regional diversity of the population. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to … [23] Some experts predict the shift of Christianity's center from the European industrialized nations to Africa and Asia in modern times. Blitt, Robert C. "Springtime for Freedom of Religion or Belief: Will Newly Democratic Arab States Guarantee International Human Rights Norms or Perpetuate Their Violation?." Christianity existed in Ethiopia before the rule of King Ezana the Great of the Kingdom of Axum, but the religion grasped a strong foothold when it was declared a state religion in 330 AD, becoming one of the first Christian nations. 22 % tilhører uavhengige kirker. 2013:5-7). About half of African Buddhists are now living in South Africa, while Mauritius has the highest Buddhist percentage in the continent, between 1.5%[44] to 2%[45] of the total population. In the commonwealth of Africa syncretism with indigenous beliefs is practiced throughout the region. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 1996. fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopedi . B. in Äthiopien) aufgelöst und vor allem nach Israel ausgewandert. Islam is the other major religion in Africa alongside Christianity,[28] with 41% of the population being Muslim, accounting for 1/4 of the world's Muslim population. "[51] Syncretism in Africa is said by others to be overstated,[52] and due to a misunderstanding of the abilities of local populations to form their own orthodoxies and also confusion over what is culture and what is religion. Today, the continent’s various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity, Islam, and to a lesser extent several traditional African religions. Journal of Religion in Africa/Religion en Afrique 7.3 (1975): 212. Der er ca. Ifølge den tradisjonelle religion i Afrika finnes det en allmektig Gud som står over forfedrene og gudene. [47], Syncretism is the combining of different (often contradictory) beliefs, often while melding practices of various schools of thought. [39], Hinduism has existed in Africa mainly since the late 19th century. There have been several Muslim empires in Western Africa which exerted considerable influence, notably the Mali Empire, which flourished for several centuries and the Songhai Empire, under the leadership of Mansa Musa, Sunni Ali and Askia Mohammed. Christianity is the most popular religion in Africa alongside Islam. Nærmere 80 % av den befolkningen i Sør-Afrika er kristne, over halvparten av disse er medlemmer av protestantiske kirker (medregnet anglikanere som utgjør ca. [citation needed] Others state that the term syncretism is a vague one,[53] since it can be applied to refer to substitution or modification of the central elements of Christianity or Islam with beliefs or practices from somewhere else. It was also esti… Other traditions have the convert as a Jew who was a steward in the Queen's court. Leksikonet er eid av de norske universitetene og Disse religionene er nært knyttet til tradisjonelt levevis (jordbruk, kveghold, jakt) og er derfor under sterkt press, ikke bare fra kristen misjon og islamsk utbredelse, men også fra sosiale og økologiske endringer som urbanisering og ørkenspredning. De tradisjonelle etniske religionene finnes dels i Vest-Afrika, dels i Sentral- og Øst-Afrika, Sør-Sudan og deler av Etiopia, men også i områder i det sørlige Afrika. Einige Gemeinschaften waren früher dem Judentum zugeordnet, sind inzwischen jedoch längst als Folge des Nahostkonfliktes oder anderer regionaler Konflikte (z. tilhængere af traditionel religion i Afrika. [8] It has no missionaries or the intent to propagate or to proselytise. De tradisjonelle etniske religionene. People have failed to understand life and attempt to understand it by coming up with something that is … ),, "Government Must Find Solution for Baha'i Egyptians", "Regional Conferences of the Five Year Plan; November 2008–March 2009",, "Most Buddhist Nations (2010) - QuickLists - The Association of Religion Data Archives", "Most Chinese Universist Nations (2010) - QuickLists - The Association of Religion Data Archives", "Religious Adherents, 2010 – Mauritius (0.2% Buddhist + 1.3% Chinese Folk Religion)",,, "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Numbers and Percentage of Muslims in African Countries", "Muslims of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)", Global Religious Landscape Table - Percent of Population - Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life, "Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project: Kenya", "Malawi Facts and Figures | RIPPLE Africa", "Welcome –", "UGANDA 2016 INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM REPORT", "Religious Composition by Country, 2010-2050", "Refworld - 2008 Report on International Religious Freedom - Swaziland", "African Traditional Religion" in "The Story of Africa" from the BBC World Service, African Religions at Africa Missions Resource Center, Tutelary deities of the Akan people of West Africa,, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2012, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from February 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 March 2021, at 04:12. "“I have to Resemble My Ancestors through Modification of Midline Diastema”: An Ethnoarchaeological Study of Dental Modification among Karrayyu Oromo, Central Ethiopia." [38] On the other hand, Sub-Saharan Baháʼís were able to mobilize for nine regional conferences called for by the Universal House of Justice 20 October 2008 to celebrate recent achievements in grassroots community-building and to plan their next steps in organizing in their home areas. Yale University historian Lamin Sanneh stated, that "African Christianity was not just an exotic, curious phenomenon in an obscure part of the world, but that African Christianity might be the shape of things to come. Previously, we brought you “11 Maps to Help You Make Sense of World Religion,” “13 Insightful Maps of U.S. Religion,” and “10 Revealing Maps of Religion in Europe.”We even brought you “24 Crazy Facts About Global Christianity in the 21st Century“! [10] The religion of the Gbe peoples (mostly the Ewe and Fon) of Benin, Togo and Ghana is called Vodun and is the main source for similarly named religions in the diaspora, such as Louisiana Voodoo, Haitian Vodou, Cuban Vodú, Dominican Vudú and Brazilian Vodum. Afrika religion, Afrikanske relgioner, Afrikanske religioner, Afrikas religion, Afrikas religioner. The majority of Africans are adherents of Christianity or Islam. This man tells the truth about how European and Western religion got their origins. [13] According to the author Lugira, the Traditional African religions are the only religions "that can claim to have originated in Africa. Islam is the dominant religion in North Africa and some of the Horn of Africa, which is majority Christian. The history of the continent from an African perspective. With hundreds of pages, and multi-media, the BBC investigates the events and characters that … Christianity. [citation needed] It is believed by some to explain religious tolerance between different groups. It is the largest religion in Mauritius,[40] and several other countries have Hindu temples. for forskningsformidling. Lyst til å vite antall og andel av religioner i Afrika sør for Sahara. Ved siden av Nord-Afrika, Sudan og Somalia, dominerer islam et bredt belte tvers over kontinentet sør for Sahara samt kystområdet i Øst-Afrika ned til Mosambik. Religion in Africa is multifaceted and has been a major influence on art, culture and philosophy. Også fra andre land ble det organisert misjon. AFRIKANSK TRADITIONEL RELIGION findes i Afrika syd for Sahara og bygger på mundtlighed og ritualer. Awolalu, Studies in Comparative Religion Vol. Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary, African Christianity, 2020, "AFRICAN RELIGIOUS BELIEFS - Tewahedo - Palo - Serer - Tijaniyyah - Vodon". Today, we’re zeroing in on that great place of exponential growth in the Christian faith: Africa. Det afrikanske kontinent domineres av kristendommen, islam og tradisjonelle religioner i lokale kulturer. Religion in Africa An Overview Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. [33] The Association of Religion Data Archives (relying on World Christian Encyclopedia) lists many large and smaller populations of Baháʼís in Africa[34] with Kenya (#3: 512,900), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (#5: 282,900), South Africa (#8: 238,500) and Zambia (#10: 190,400) among the top ten numerical populations of Baháʼís in the world in 2010, and Mauritius (#4: 1.8% of population) joining Zambia (#3: 1.8%) and Kenya (#10: 1.0%) in the top ten in terms of percentage of the national population. There are quite a few famous churches and monasteries located throughout the continent. Et grunnleggende fellestrekk i de tradisjonelle religionene er tro på en vanligvis fjern høygud; et hierarki av underordnede guder og åndevesener, ofte knyttet til naturen (skog, elver); en aktiv kult av forfedrene; og en utbredt tro på hekser og bruk av magi og fetisjer. Religion in Africa The majority of Africans are adherents of the Abrahamic religions: Islam and Christianity. However, communities in Africa (e.g. 10, No. It was estimated in 2000 that More recently the roughly 2000[35] Baháʼís of Egypt have been embroiled in the Egyptian identification card controversy from 2006[36] through 2009. Retrieved 29 October 2013. Viele … Abrahamic religions are widespread throughout Africa. [48] Kwesi Yankah and John Mbiti argue that many African peoples today have a 'mixed' religious heritage to try to reconcile traditional religions with Abrahamic faiths. religion, Islam and Christianity are all present in large numbers. In the first few centuries of Christianity, Africa produced many figures who had a major influence outside the continent, including St Augustine of Hippo, St Maurice, Origen, Tertullian, and three Roman Catholic popes (Victor I, Miltiades and Gelasius I), as well as the Biblical characters Simon of Cyrene and the Ethiopian eunuch baptised by Philip the Evangelist. Author and Historian Robin Walker gives us a fascinating breakdown of the earliest known religions in ancient Africa. Vil du sitere denne artikkelen? Other faiths are practiced in Africa, including Aleyhim, Sikhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism and Rastafari among others. er et virtuelt møtested for religionsinteresserte. Mange har emigrert til utlandet. Religion in South Africa is dominated by various branches of Christianity. [29][30] There are also sizeable minorities of Quranists, Shias, Ahmadis, Ibadi and Sufis.[31][32]. Det gir en kort definisjon av hvert konsept og dets forbindelser. Most of the things we talk about in religion are just assumptions that we claim to be true. Kommentaren din publiseres her. These religions are often adapted to African cultural contexts and indigenous belief systems. En vanlig definisjon er at religion er troen på guddommelige eller overnaturlige vesener, som guder, engler, demoner eller hellige dyr. The essence of this school of thought is based mainly on oral transmission; that which is written in people's hearts, minds, oral history, customs, temples and religious functions. Nicolini, Beatrice. About 3% do not identify with any religion, and a similar percentage are followers of folk or traditional religions – including African traditional religions. The consequences under this definition, according to missiologist Keith Ferdinando, are a fatal compromise of the religion's integrity. [12] The most prominent indigenous deity among Cushitic Horners is Waaq, which continues to be manifested into the modern era with religions such as Waaqeffanna and Waaqism. For religious enlightenment, news updates and trends Today, the continent's various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity, Islam, and to a lesser extent several traditional African religions. Lyst til å vite antall og andel av religioner i Øst-Afrika. Some distinctions between West African and East or Horn African traditional religion often includes considering the supernatural and natural or tangible as being one and the same, and using this stance to incorporate divination. [25], A 2015 study estimates 2,161,000 Christian believers from a Muslim background in Africa, most of them belonging to some form of Protestantism.[26]. IV. Encyclopædia Britannica. Det er vanskelig å gi én allmenngyldig definisjon på religion fordi religioner kan være veldig forskjellige og omfatte ulike religiøse forestillinger. Basically, Islam dominates the North and East of the continent, while Christianity dominates the South and West, while other native and folk religions can be found scattered throughout. Ethnoarchaeology 8.1 (2016): 57-68. Til områdene sør for Sahara kom kristendommen med kolonisering og misjonsvirksomhet. "AHM El Zein, The Sacred Meadows (Book Review)."

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