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[125], The Federal Chancellery building, seat of the Chancellor of Germany, Schloss Bellevue, seat of the President of Germany, Prussian House of Lords, the seat of the Bundesrat of Germany, Headquarters of the Federal Intelligence Service. The sectors of the Western Allies (the United States, the United Kingdom and France) formed West Berlin, while the Soviet sector formed East Berlin.[55]. brings you the most beautiful women in the world, updated daily. Capitals of European states and territories. By the 1920s, gays and lesbians had an unprecedented visibility. [15] East Berlin was declared capital of East Germany, while Bonn became the West German capital. It covers an area of 210 hectares and stretches from Bahnhof Zoo in the City West to the Brandenburg Gate in the east. At the end of 2018, the city-state of Berlin had 3.75 million registered inhabitants[2] in an area of 891.1 km2 (344.1 sq mi). Berlin is known for its numerous cultural institutions, many of which enjoy international reputation. [245], The annual Berlin Marathon – a course that holds the most top-10 world record runs – and the ISTAF are well-established athletic events in the city. Berlin has three major opera houses: the Deutsche Oper, the Berlin State Opera, and the Komische Oper. The largest visitor groups are from Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain and the United States. [133] [50] In 1881, it became a city district separate from Brandenburg.[51]. Restoration and construction of a main entrance to all museums, as well as reconstruction of the Stadtschloss continues. [citation needed]. This will be the first time Germany has ever hosted the Special Olympics World Games. FIFA 21 bietet mehr Spielvarianten als je zuvor, egal ob auf den Straßen oder im Stadion, inklusive UEFA Champions League und CONMEBOL Libertadores. Regional rail lines of the Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg provide access to the surrounding regions of Brandenburg and to the Baltic Sea. Ivan Fischer is its principal conductor. The Museum für Naturkunde (Berlin's natural history museum) exhibits natural history near Berlin Hauptbahnhof. Invented in Berlin, currywurst is an icon of German popular culture and cuisine. [227][228], Many local foods originated from north German culinary traditions and include rustic and hearty dishes with pork, goose, fish, peas, beans, cucumbers, or potatoes. Juni, connecting the Brandenburg Gate and Ernst-Reuter-Platz, serves as the central east–west axis. Berlin is the seat of the Roman Catholic archbishop of Berlin and EKBO's elected chairperson is titled the bishop of EKBO. [16][17][18][19] Its economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations and convention venues. Around 500,000 daily bike riders accounted for 13% of total traffic in 2010. The Reichstag building is the traditional seat of the German Parliament. Berlin is home to 44 theaters and stages. [78] The wettest month on record was July 1907, with 230 millimeters (9.1 in) of rainfall, whereas the driest were October 1866, November 1902, October 1908 and September 1928, all with 1 millimeter (0.039 in) of rainfall.[79]. Berlin today is consistently rated as an important world city for street art culture. Its two main locations are on Potsdamer Straße and on Unter den Linden. The Pharmaceuticals division of Bayer[143] and Berlin Chemie are major pharmaceutical companies in the city. Berlin participates in international city associations such as the Union of the Capitals of the European Union, Eurocities, Network of European Cities of Culture, Metropolis, Summit Conference of the World's Major Cities, and Conference of the World's Capital Cities. The rest either did not belong to such an organization, or there was no information available about them.[105]. [182] A record number of 175,651 students were enrolled in the winter term of 2015/16. A well-preserved specimen of Tyrannosaurus rex and the early bird Archaeopteryx are at display as well. [99] 48 percent of the residents under the age of 15 have migration background. The borough's mayors make up the council of mayors (Rat der Bürgermeister), which is led by the city's Governing Mayor and advises the Senate. With an area of 43 hectares (110 acres) and around 22,000 different plant species, it is one of the largest and most diverse collections of botanical life in the world. West Berlin was now de facto a part of West Germany with a unique legal status, while East Berlin was de facto a part of East Germany. John F. Kennedy gave his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech on June 26, 1963, in front of the Schöneberg city hall, located in the city's western part, underlining the US support for West Berlin. National and international migration into the city has a long history. : Stöver B. Geschichte Berlins. Located in Mitte, KW Institute for Contemporary Art, KOW, Sprüth Magers; Kreuzberg there are a few galleries as well such as Blain Southern, Esther Schipper, Future Gallery, König Gallerie. Its main exhibition area covers more than 160,000 square meters (1,722,226 sq ft). Other professional team sport clubs include: This article is about the German city. The House of Representatives (Abgeordnetenhaus) functions as the city and state parliament, which has 141 seats. The Funkturm Berlin is a 150-meter-tall (490 ft) lattice radio tower in the fairground area, built between 1924 and 1926. Falls ein Verkäufer in den USA oder Großbritannien ansässig ist, kann er das eBay-Programm zum weltweiten Versand (GSP) nutzen. The area around Potsdam in particular Sanssouci is known for a series of interconnected lakes and cultural landmarks. The Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin are the largest World Heritage Site in Germany. [120] Since the 2016 state election, there has been a coalition between the Social Democratic Party, the Greens and the Left Party. [132] Several major corporations like Volkswagen, Pfizer, and SAP operate innovation laboratories in the city. Taschenkalender. It is the most visited zoo in Europe and presents the most diverse range of species in the world. Some of the most visited places in Berlin include: Potsdamer Platz, Brandenburger Tor, the Berlin wall, Alexanderplatz, Museumsinsel, Fernsehturm, the East-Side Gallery, Schloss-Charlottenburg, Zoologischer Garten, Siegessäule, Gedenkstätte Berliner Mauer, Mauerpark, Botanical Garden, Französischer Dom, Deutscher Dom and Holocaust-Mahnmal. Berlin's urban area has a population of around 4.5 million and is the second most populous urban area in Germany after the Ruhr. [232] Asian cuisine like Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai, Indian, Korean, and Japanese restaurants, as well as Spanish tapas bars, Italian, and Greek cuisine, can be found in many parts of the city. The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) and the Deutsche Bahn (DB) manage several extensive urban public transport systems.[162]. Today ethnic Germans from countries of the former Soviet Union make up the largest portion of the Russian-speaking community. [13] Berlin in the 1920s was the third-largest municipality in the world. The Charité is spread over four campuses and comprises around 3,000 beds, 15,500 staff, 8,000 students, and more than 60 operating theaters, and it has a turnover of two billion euros annually. [needs update]. [214][215] The Karneval der Kulturen (Carnival of Cultures), a multi-ethnic street parade, is celebrated every Pentecost weekend. [152] Economist Intelligence Unit ranks Berlin number 21 of all global cities. 5,422 km (3,369 mi) of roads run through Berlin, of which 77 km (48 mi) are motorways (Autobahn). In 1971, a Four-Power agreement guaranteed access to and from West Berlin by car or train through East Germany.[59]. [1] Berlin's economy is dominated by the service sector, with around 84% of all companies doing business in services. Berlin has installed several hundred free public Wireless LAN sites across the capital since 2016. The nearby New Synagogue is the center of Jewish culture. According to Mercer, Berlin ranked number 13 in the Quality of living city ranking in 2019. [32][33], In 1415, Frederick I became the elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, which he ruled until 1440. The act increased the area of Berlin from 66 to 883 km2 (25 to 341 sq mi). Around 125,000 civilians were killed. Verlag CH Beck, 2010. This was a successful attempt to centralise the capital in the very far-flung state, and it was the first time the city began to grow. [33] Officially, the Berlin-Cölln palace became permanent residence of the Brandenburg electors of the Hohenzollerns from 1486, when John Cicero came to power. Substantial parts of present-day Berlin extend onto the low plateaus on both sides of the Spree Valley. The three largest universities combined have approximately 103,000 enrolled students. Same-sex bars and dance halls operated freely as early as the 1880s, and the first gay magazine, Der Eigene, started in 1896. The Komische Oper has traditionally specialized in operettas and is also at Unter den Linden. David Berger begründet in 67 Sekunden, warum er trotz seiner CDU-Mitgliedschaft dieses Mal mit Erst- und Zweitstimme die AfD wählen wird. The area around Hackescher Markt is home to fashionable culture, with countless clothing outlets, clubs, bars, and galleries. [53] Berlin is the most heavily bombed city in history. The Governing Mayor is simultaneously Lord Mayor of the City of Berlin (Oberbürgermeister der Stadt) and Minister President of the State of Berlin (Ministerpräsident des Bundeslandes). As of 2018, the three largest banks headquartered in the capital were Deutsche Kreditbank, Landesbank Berlin and Berlin Hyp.[142]. Due to the influence and international partnerships of the Federal Republic of Germany, the capital city has become a significant center of German and European affairs. Active immigration and asylum politics in West Berlin triggered waves of immigration in the 1960s and 1970s. Berlin's Botanischer Garten includes the Botanic Museum Berlin. The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, a Holocaust memorial, is to the north.[91]. [117] The state owns extensive assets, including administrative and government buildings, real estate companies, as well as stakes in the Olympic Stadium, swimming pools, housing companies, and numerous public enterprises and subsidiary companies.[118][119]. [195] An innovative music, dance and art scene has developed in the 21st century. Partygoers in Germany often toast the New Year with a glass of sparkling wine. [220] Simon Rattle is its principal conductor. Finden Sie hier Traueranzeigen, Todesanzeigen und Beileidsbekundungen aus Ihrer Tageszeitung oder passende Hilfe im Trauerfall. The Oberbaumbrücke over the Spree river is Berlin's most iconic bridge, connecting the now-combined boroughs of Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg. Foreign residents of Berlin originate from about 190 different countries. [106] About 2.7% of the population identify with other Christian denominations (mostly Eastern Orthodox, but also various Protestants). Zoologischer Garten Berlin, the older of two zoos in the city, was founded in 1844. Berlin's Expats Go Bezirk", "Egypt battling for more relics after Louvre success", "Dealer Will Enrich Art of the Berlin He Fled", "Graffiti in the death strip: the Berlin wall's first street artist tells his story", "The 26 Best Cities in the World To See Street Art", "Art of Now – Berlin's Nightlife – BBC Sounds", "Berlin Philharmonic elects Sir Simon Rattle", "In the Capital of Electronic Music, Women Rule the Scene", "Good Taste Award Winner 2015: Berlin, The New Vegetarian Capital", "Conscious Food Consumption at Berlin's Restlos Glücklich", "Spicy sausage that is worthy of a shrine in Berlin", "Chocolate Heaven at Fassbender & Rausch", "There's Nothing More German Than a Big, Fat Juicy Döner Kebab", "Peter Joseph Lenné, Senate Department of Urban Development", "Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin", "Melbourne retains ultimate sports city title", "Italy conquer the world as Germany wins friends", "Euroleague Final Four returns to Berlin in 2016", "Berlin, Germany selected to host the 2023 Special Olympics World Games", "500,000 spectators to watch the game together", "Der Landessportbund Berlin – Mitglieder", "Berlin's swimming pools and bathing spots", Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, states of the Federal Republic of Germany, Institutional seats of the European Union, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, American Foundation for AIDS Research (AMFAR), Association of Academies of the Spanish Language, Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Spanish Organization for the Blind (ONCE),, Populated places established in the 13th century, 1230s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2020, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2021, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with multiple identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, BVG / Operates predominantly in eastern boroughs, BVG / Extensive services in all boroughs / 62 Night Lines, BVG / Transportation as well as recreational ferries, 2020: Spanish health workers on the front line against, This page was last edited on 2 April 2021, at 14:42. The Volkspark in Friedrichshain, which opened in 1848, is the oldest park in the city, with monuments, a summer outdoor cinema and several sports areas. The most-commonly-spoken foreign languages in Berlin are Turkish, Polish, English, Arabic, Italian, Bulgarian, Russian, Romanian, Kurdish, Serbo-Croatian, French, Spanish and Vietnamese. [11] The city lies in the Central German dialect area, the Berlin dialect being a variant of the Lusatian-New Marchian dialects. The city's appearance today has been predominantly shaped by the key role it played in Germany's history during the 20th century. [2] The government keeps a register of members of these churches for tax purposes, because it collects church tax on behalf of the churches.

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